Elsevier Health Sciences


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Influenza Epidemics and Pandemics

Concluding remarks

The realistic threat of a new influenza pandemic has triggered a series of national and international efforts. The increased efforts on surveillance, pandemic vaccine research, production expansion of antivirals and vaccines, and pandemic preparedness planning at national and international levels will all contribute to contain the disastrous effects of such an emergency as much as possible. These activities are carried out by many stakeholders such as the WHO, national health authorities, non-governmental organizations and the vaccine industry. Although the world is not yet fully prepared for the next pandemic and still much has to be done, current intense global efforts justify some prudent optimism about our increased capabilities for early detection and warning of the next pandemic as well as active interventions so that, when the pandemic strikes, the world will be as reasonably prepared as possible and ready to contain the global damage as much as possible.

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