Social and Economic Impact of Influenza
The societal burden of recurring annual influenza epidemics and, in particular, occasional pandemics is often underestimated. It is important to understand the extent to which influenza impacts on society, its financial burden and strategies to minimize the impact. This chapter provides an overview of the social and economic implications of influenza. It introduces economic concepts and methods, and examines the impact of influenza on different population groups (including children, working adults and the elderly) and sectors of the economy (health care and work place).
Each outbreak of influenza takes a significant toll on societies in terms of morbidity, mortality and financial resources. 1, x KM Sullivan. Health impact of influenza in the United States. Pharmacoeconomics 9 (Suppl 3) (1996) (26 - 33) Crossref. 2 x T Szucs. The socio-economic burden of influenza. J Antimicrob Chemother 44 (1999) (11 - 15) Crossref. For example, the WHO estimates that there are 3–5 million cases of severe influenza illness, resulting in 250,000–500,000 deaths annually in the industrialized world. Vaccination is the most important strategy for preventing influenza. Yet, data on vaccination coverage as discussed in
|KM Sullivan.||Health impact of influenza in the United States. Crossref.||Pharmacoeconomics 9 (Suppl 3) (1996) (26 - 33)||1996|
|T Szucs.||The socio-economic burden of influenza. Crossref.||J Antimicrob Chemother 44 (1999) (11 - 15)||1999|