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Social and Economic Impact of Influenza

The societal burden of recurring annual influenza epidemics and, in particular, occasional pandemics is often underestimated. It is important to understand the extent to which influenza impacts on society, its financial burden and strategies to minimize the impact. This chapter provides an overview of the social and economic implications of influenza. It introduces economic concepts and methods, and examines the impact of influenza on different population groups (including children, working adults and the elderly) and sectors of the economy (health care and work place).

Each outbreak of influenza takes a significant toll on societies in terms of morbidity, mortality and financial resources. 1, x KM Sullivan. Health impact of influenza in the United States. Pharmacoeconomics 9 (Suppl 3) (1996) (26 - 33) Crossref. 2 x T Szucs. The socio-economic burden of influenza. J Antimicrob Chemother 44 (1999) (11 - 15) Crossref. For example, the WHO estimates that there are 3–5 million cases of severe influenza illness, resulting in 250,000–500,000 deaths annually in the industrialized world. Vaccination is the most important strategy for preventing influenza. Yet, data on vaccination coverage as discussed in Chapter 8 , show that even in industrialized countries, large proportions of the population at risk do not receive the influenza vaccine. The target of the WHO of reaching 75% vaccination coverage of high-risk people (see Chapter 8 ) therefore remains an important goal for 2010. Achieving this target will also have major positive implications for the capacity of individual countries to respond adequately to influenza pandemics. The chapter finishes with a brief look at the social and economic impact of influenza pandemics. The health benefits as well as the cost-effectiveness of influenza vaccination will be discussed in Chapter 8 .

References

Label Authors Title Source Year
1

References in context

  • For example, the WHO estimates that there are 3–5 million cases of severe influenza illness, resulting in 250,000–500,000 deaths annually in the industrialized world.
    Go to context

KM Sullivan. Health impact of influenza in the United States. Crossref. Pharmacoeconomics 9 (Suppl 3) (1996) (26 - 33) 1996
2

References in context

  • For example, the WHO estimates that there are 3–5 million cases of severe influenza illness, resulting in 250,000–500,000 deaths annually in the industrialized world.
    Go to context

T Szucs. The socio-economic burden of influenza. Crossref. J Antimicrob Chemother 44 (1999) (11 - 15) 1999

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